Arizona law—via common law tort and nuisance statute—recognizes the concept that one party’s use of their property may have an effect on the ability of another party to use theirs. Sometimes that effect is, from the perspective of the latter party, a negative one. This negative effect may come in the form of de-valuing nearby properties, by ruining the air quality (as air has a tendency to diffuse from one property to another before its molecules dissipate), and so on. Not everything that bothers a property owner will qualify as a nuisance, however.
There are two broad categories of nuisance: “private” nuisances and “public” nuisances.
Private nuisances are claims made by one property owner against another, and are generally handled in civil court—often resulting, when the alleged property use is judged to be a nuisance, either in a court order that the misuse of property be ceased immediately, or that some sum of money be paid to the claimant. Sometimes both.